- The Role of Surface Coverage and Orthogonality Metrics in Two-Dimensional Chromatography
- LC GC Europe
- Volume | Issue number
- 30 | 7
- Pages (from-to)
- Document type
- Faculty of Science (FNWI)
- Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)
The enhanced separation power of two-dimensional (2D) chromatography has become accessible thanks to the commercialization of dedicated two-dimensional systems. However, with great separation power comes great system complexity. All two-dimensional systems require a means for collecting and transferring fractions of the first dimension to the second dimension typically via a loop-based interface in on-line methods. It is important to collect a sufficient number of fractions to prevent loss of the first dimension resolution; that is, the sampling rate must be sufficient to prevent undersampling. Another key parameter to consider is selectivity. By coupling two selectivities that have unrelated retention mechanisms we are able to exploit the different physiochemical characteristics of the sample we wish to separate. This is the concept behind the term orthogonality. By. coupling orthogonal selectivities and reducing under-sampling, our system should be able to achieve the theoretical maximum two-dimensional peak capacity. Unfortunately, this is virtually impossible to achieve with current technology. It follows that it is important to be able to calculate the actual (conditional) peak capacity of our two-dimensional chromatographic system. To calculate this, we need to know the first dimension sampling time and the proportion of the separation space occupied by peaks; the latter is referred to as surface coverage. This review discusses the role of orthogonality metrics and surface coverage metrics and their relationship to selectivity and peak capacity in two-dimensional chromatography.
- Final publisher version
Final publisher version
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