For ages, the eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire had been a multi-ethnic region, where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks
and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and rise of the nation
state would violently alter this situation, as nationalist elites intervened in heterogeneous populations they identified
as objects of knowledge, management and change. These massively violent processes of state formation destroyed historical
regions and emptied multicultural cities, clearing the way for modern nation states. This study highlights how the Young Turk
regime, from 1913 to 1950, subjected Eastern Turkey to various forms of nationalist population policies aimed at ethnically
homogenizing the region and including it in the Turkish nation state. It examines how the regime utilized technologies of
social engineering such as physical destruction, deportation, spatial planning, forced assimilation, and memory politics,
to increase ethnic and cultural homogeneity within the nation state. The province of Diyarbekir, the heartland of Armenian
and Kurdish life, became an epicenter of Young Turk population policies and the theater of unprecedented levels of mass violence.
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let
the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible
and/or remove it from the website. Please send a message to: UBAcoach, or a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You
will be contacted as soon as possible.