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Record: oai:ARNO:389517

AuthorsR. Hayes, D. Watson-Jones, C. Celum, J. van de Wijgert, J. Wasserheit
TitleTreatment of sexually transmitted infections for HIV prevention: end of the road or new beginning?
JournalAIDS
Volume24
Year2010
IssueSuppl. 4
PagesS15-S26
ISSN02699370
FacultyAMC-UvA
AbstractObservational and biological data provide compelling evidence of the importance of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in HIV transmission, but only one of nine intervention trials has shown an effect This article reviews the observational studies, critically examines the nine randomized controlled trials evaluating the impact of STI treatment interventions on HIV incidence, and discusses implications for HIV prevention policy, programmes and future research The role of other vaginal infections is also briefly considered In aggregate, the evidence strongly supports the concept that STI treatment prevents HIV infection However, issues in trial design and conduct, including HIV epidemic phase, STI prevalence, intervention in comparison groups, and power have affected five of the six trials of treatment of curable STIs In the three herpes intervention trials, antivirals for HSV suppression were insufficiently potent to alleviate persistent genital inflammation in HIV-negative HSV2-positive persons, and the reduction in HIV levels in HIV-positive persons was insufficient to reduce HIV transmission It is time for a new phase of exploration of how, when, and in whom to include STI control as a key component of HIV prevention, driven by basic research to elucidate the mechanisms by which STIs and vaginal infections facilitate HIV transmission From a policy perspective, treatment of curable STIs is an essential part of primary healthcare and is a cheap, simple, and effective intervention when appropriately targeted and delivered It should be promoted as an essential component of HIV control programmes in communities in which the burden of STIs is substantial (c) 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Document typeArticle
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