Authors
H.M.W. Bos
Justin Knox
L. van Rijn-van Gelderen
N.K. Gartrell
Date (dd-mm-yyyy)
2016-4
Title
Same-sex and different-sex parent households and child health outcomes: Findings from the national survey of children's health
Journal
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics
Volume
37
Publication Year
2016-4
ISSN
0196-206X
Issue number
3
Document type
Article*
Faculty
Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
Institute
Research Institute of Child Development and Education (RICDE)
Abstract
Objective: Using the 2011–2012 National Survey of Children's Health data set, we compared spouse/partner relationships and parent-child relationships (family relationships), parenting stress, and children's general health, emotional difficulties, coping behavior, and learning behavior (child outcomes) in households of same-sex (female) versus different-sex continuously coupled parents with biological offspring. We assessed whether associations among family relationships, parenting stress, and child outcomes were different in the 2 household types.
Methods: Parental and child characteristics were matched for 95 female same-sex parent and 95 different-sex parent households with children 6 to 17 years old. One parent per household was interviewed by telephone. Multivariate analyses of variance and multiple linear regressions were conducted.
Results: No differences were observed between household types on family relationships or any child outcomes. Same-sex parent households scored higher on parenting stress (95% confidence interval = 2.03–2.30) than different-sex parent households (95% confidence interval = 1.76–2.03), p = .006. No significant interactions between household type and family relationships or household type and parenting stress were found for any child outcomes.
Conclusion: Children with female same-sex parents and different-sex parents demonstrated no differences in outcomes, despite female same-sex parents reporting more parenting stress. Future studies may reveal the sources of this parenting stress.

URL
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https://hdl.handle.net/11245.1/cd981f1d-ed48-49f8-af59-e20f7e217ecd