A. Garufi
G. Meeus
M. Benisty
S.P. Quanz
A. Banzatti
M. Kama
H. Canovas
C. Eiroa
H.-M. Schmid
T. Stolker
A. Pohl
E. Rigliaco
F. Ménard
M.R. Meyer
R. van Boekel
C. Dominik
Date (dd-mm-yyyy)
Evolution of protoplanetary disks from their taxonomy in scattered light: Group I vs. Group II
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Publication Year
Document type
Faculty of Science (FNWI)
Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy (API)
Context. High-resolution imaging reveals a large morphological variety of protoplanetary disks. To date, no constraints on their global evolution have been found from this census. An evolutionary classification of disks was proposed based on their IR spectral energy distribution, with the Group I sources showing a prominent cold component ascribed to an earlier stage of evolution than Group II. Aims: Disk evolution can be constrained from the comparison of disks with different properties. A first attempt at disk taxonomy is now possible thanks to the increasing number of high-resolution images of Herbig Ae/Be stars becoming available. Methods: Near-IR images of six Group II disks in scattered light were obtained with VLT/NACO in polarimetric differential imaging, which is the most efficient technique for imaging the light scattered by the disk material close to the stars. We compare the stellar/disk properties of this sample with those of well-studied Group I sources available from the literature. Results: Three Group II disks are detected. The brightness distribution in the disk of HD 163296 indicates the presence of a persistent ring-like structure with a possible connection with the CO snowline. A rather compact (
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