Authors
M.A. Goclowska
M. Baas
A.J. Elliot
C.K.W. de Dreu
Date (dd-mm-yyyy)
2017
Title
Why schema-violations are sometimes preferable to schema-consistencies: The role of interest and openness to experience.
Journal
Journal of Research in Personality
Volume
66
Publication Year
2017
ISSN
0092-6566
Document type
Article*
Faculty
Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG)
Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)
Institute
Psychology Research Institute (PsyRes)
Amsterdam School of Economics Research Institute (ASE-RI)
Abstract
We investigated the appraisal processes and personality antecedents that regulate people’s attraction to schema-violations - targets and objects that disconfirm schema - and stereotype-based expectancies. In two studies a preference for schema-violations (vs. consistencies) correlated positively with openness to experience, and negatively with the need for structure. In the second study, schema-violations were seen as more surprising (by all individuals), decreasing intentions to approach schema-violations, but were also seen as more interesting (by those higher in openness to experience), increasing intentions to approach and accept schema-violations. This suggests that two opposing processes - appraisals of surprise and appraisals of interest - regulate reactions to schema-violations, and that these processes are bounded by individual differences in openness to experience.
URL
go to publisher's site
Permalink
https://hdl.handle.net/11245.1/15f300cd-4d06-44ee-9958-e5c28a2c0aea