The UvA-LINKER will give you a range of other options to find the full text of a publication (including a direct link to the full-text if it is located on another database on the internet).
De UvA-LINKER biedt mogelijkheden om een publicatie elders te vinden (inclusief een directe link naar de publicatie online als deze beschikbaar is in een database op het internet).
| Authors||B.J.M. Braakhuis, E. Bloemena, C.R. Leemans, R.H. Brakenhoff|
|Title||Molecular analysis of surgical margins in head and neck cancer: more than a marginal issue|
|Abstract||The relatively modest survival of patients surgically treated for advanced HNSCC can partly be explained by the development of local relapse. It is important that surgeons are able to predict which patients are at high risk to develop local relapse, since clinical management can be tailored. Local relapse after resection of a primary HNSCC is easily explained, when tumour is detected in the surgical margins and thus residual tumour is likely to remain in the patient, but the pathobiology is more complex in cases where the margins are histologically tumour-free. Molecular studies indicate that there are two different mechanisms responsible in these cases. First, small clusters of residual tumour cells that are undetectable on routine histopathological examination (known as minimal residual cancer: MRC) proliferate and this forms the basis of recurring cancer. A second cause of relapse is a remaining field of preneoplastic cells that is struck by additional genetic hits leading to invasive cancer. It is likely that within this field, that can be over 7 cm in diameter, the primary carcinoma has also emerged. Despite careful histopathological examination of the surgical margins of the primary carcinoma, it is at present not reliably possible to predict which patient will develop local relapse. Herein we focus on new developments regarding the analysis of margins, causes of local relapse, and how novel molecular techniques can be of help in a more accurate risk assessment. Critical analysis of the studies that have been published thus far shows that there is a list of promising markers, based on protein expression (immuno-histochemistry) and nucleic acid analysis. Further studies should be focused on validation and assessment of the clinical utility of these markers. Margin analysis should reveal whether one is dealing with residual cancer cells that might be treated by post-operative radiotherapy or with preneoplastic fields that remained behind. For this latter entity, there is no intervention available at present, except for a more intensive surveillance.|
Use this url to link to this page: http://dare.uva.nl/en/record/384706
Contact us about this recordNotify a colleague
Add to bookbag