faculteit: "FGw" en publicatiejaar: "2011"
| Auteur||Wendy Boelhouwer|
|Titel||Phonotactic Probability and Neighborhood Density in Nonword Learning in Typical Language Development and Specific Language Impairment|
|Begeleiders||J.E. Rispens, A.R. Scheper|
|Faculteit||Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen|
|Opleiding||FGw MA Linguistics (onderzoeksmaster)|
|Trefwoorden||nonword learning; lexical acquisition; phonotactic probability; neighborhood density; Specific Language Impairment|
|Samenvatting||Aims: The goal of this research was to investigate the influence of phonotactic probability (i.e. the likelihood of occurrence of a sound sequence) and neighborhood density (i.e. the number of phonologically similar words) in nonword learning in typical language development (TD) and Specific Language Impairment (SLI) in Dutch speaking children.|
Methods & Procedure: A nonword learning task was conducted with a group of TD children (n = 25; mean age: 7;0) and a group of children with SLI (n = 5; mean age: 7;0). The nonwords were manipulated on phonotactic probability (i.e. high or low) and neighborhood density (i.e. sparse or dense). Learning was tested in an active naming task and a receptive
Results: For the TD children, analysis of the responses on the active naming task showed a main effect of neighborhood density, but no main effect of phonotactic probability. The interaction between the two variables approached significance. For the receptive knowledge task, only a significant interaction between the two variables was found. The optimal learning condition was High Probability – Dense Neighborhood. Results on the data of the SLI group showed no significant differences between conditions.
Conclusions: This study shows that phonotactic probability, neighborhood density, and their interaction, influence nonword learning of TD children. More research is needed to investigate the influence of these variables on nonword learning of children with SLI.
|Soort document|| scriptie master|
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