faculteit: "FNWI" en publicatiejaar: "2011"
| Auteur||T.S.E. Valkenburg|
|Titel||Forensic relevance of research to DNA based human appearance prediction analyses|
|Begeleiders||A.D. Kloosterman, R.J. Oostra|
|Faculteit||Faculteit der Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica|
|Samenvatting||Current use of DNA in forensic casework relies primarily on comparative grounds, DNA profiles obtained from crime scene samples are compared with those of potential suspects or with DNA databases for the purpose of identifying perpetrators. Similarly, DNA profiles obtained from samples of unknown victims, for example victims in mass disaster cases, are compared with those of potential relatives or with direct reference samples from items belonging to missing people for the purpose of identifying victims. Problems arise when there is no match between DNA profiles of crime scene samples and DNA profiles of potential suspects, DNA databases, potential relatives of unidentified people or direct reference samples from items belonging to missing people. One solution currently applied aiding in solving forensic cases and cold cases with unidentified people is mass intelligence screenings by using human appearance information obtained from DNA of crime scene samples. Human appearance predictions can furthermore also be useful for aiding in the solution of forensic cases and cold cases where no suspects(s) can be identified at all by conventional investigation methods, where the pool of suspects is too large for conventional DNA comparisons, where victims (of mass disaster cases) are skeletonised or too mutilated to be recognizable so that there are no matches with conventional DNA comparisons, where it is useful to confirm eye-witness statements and in cases where it is favourable to suppress ethnic tensions between minority or immigrant groups and the major population of the area where the crime occurred. However, there are currently only possibilities for making groupspecific |
appearance predictions, but it is expected that individual-specific appearance predictions are possible after more extensive research. All these possibilities, current and future, as well as research to DNA based human appearance predictions are described in this literature thesis.
|Soort document|| scriptie bachelor|
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