faculteit: "FMG" en publicatiejaar: "2012"
| Auteur||Kate Hach|
|Titel||The multipolar world of energy security : relations between the EU and South Africa|
|Begeleiders||Robin Pistorius, Rob Hagendijk|
|Faculteit||Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen|
|Instituut/afd.||FMG: International School for Humanities and Social Sciences|
|Opleiding||FMG European Union in a Global Order (EUGO)|
|Samenvatting||This thesis traces relations between Europe and South Africa since the end of apartheid in 1994.|
It focuses on structural problems of energy security in South Africa and analyses how energy
security evolved from just one of many topics on South Africa’s developmental agenda, to an
issue of common concern in EU‐SA relations on trade, development and diplomacy.
This shift in relevance can be attributed to internal as well as external developments after the
turn of the century. Internally, economic growth and efforts to abolish inequality in energy supply
(i.e. through the rapid electrification programme) in South Africa caused domestic demand to
surge and capacity surpluses to dwindle. Subsequent failure to reform the energy sector has led
the system to near‐collapse. At the same time, aspirations to combat climate change run contrary
to the country's high consumption of coal for electricity generation. Externally, emerging
economies are beginning to challenge the current order of great powers. With a growing share in
global economic transactions and strengthening South‐South relations emerging economies are
starting to compete with the established powers in the West over global influence and scarce
natural resources. New non‐state actor types (i.e. NGO's, corporations, regional regimes and
international organisations) are establishing a growing clout in global governance. Hegemonic
poles cannot be so easily identified as power is disbursed. Some interpret these events as the
arrival of a multipolar order.
The rise of former developing states has created a growing consumer base which translates into
higher demand for a limited amount of energy reserves. Energy security is increasingly becoming
a problem of global scope and one that is linked to other challenges such as climate change and
security issues. These challenges cannot be solved on a local or national level and put pressure
on global governance. With more competitors fighting over the same cake of global resources,
actors within the new order are well aware of their dependency on strong ties with strategic
partners. A consequence of its reestablished foreign ties, greater economic stability and
prominent position on the African continent post‐apartheid, South Africa is increasingly
attracting new trade and business partners from emerging economies. One of its traditional
partners – Europe a – is beginning to lose ground in the country’s affairs.
Thus, as South Africa assumes its own role within the changing world order, the country’s
relations with new and traditional foreign partners are beginning to shift.
By setting energy security within the wider context of the current changing global order, this
thesis shows how the emergence of new potential poles (e.g. China) is not only generating global
challenges such as energy security but also causing a shift in foreign policies.
In an attempt to study the emergence of a multipolar world, this thesis will examine both the
shifting relations between old and new powers and assess the influence of common challenges
on international relations. By asking whether the rise of a multipolar world order altered
relations between Europe and South Africa on the country’s issues of energy security, this thesis
will make a bid at showing the influence of rising multipolarity on international relations.
|Soort document|| scriptie master|
Gebruik dit adres om naar deze pagina te linken: http://dare.uva.nl/scriptie/425906
Vraag/opmerking over dit recordMail aan een collega
Toevoegen aan bewaarset