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Query: journal id: "physicalxreviewxletters"

AuthorsA. Allahverdyan, T.M. Nieuwenhuizen
TitleExtraction of work from a single thermal bath in the quantum regime
JournalPhysical Review Letters
FacultyFaculty of Science
Institute/dept.FNWI: Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITF)
AbstractThe stationary state of a quantum particle strongly coupled to a quantum thermal bath is known to be non-Gibbsian, due to entanglement with the bath. For harmonic potentials, where the system can be described by effective temperatures, thermodynamic relations are shown to take a generalized Gibbsian form that may violate the Clausius inequality. For the weakly anharmonic case, a Fokker-Planck-type description is constructed. It is shown that then work can be extracted from the bath by cyclic variation of a parameter. These apparent violations of the second law are the consequence of quantum coherence in the presence of the slightly off-equilibrium nature of the bath.
Document typeArticle
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