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Zoekopdracht: journal id: "astrophysicalxjournal"

AuteursJ. Neilsen, M.A. Nowak, C. Gammie, J. Dexter, S. Markoff, D. Haggard, S. Nayakshin, Q.D. Wang, N. Grosso, D. Porquet, J.A. Tomsick, N. Degenaar, P.C. Fragile, J.C. Houck, R. Wijnands, J.M. Miller, F.K. Baganoff
TitelA Chandra/HETGS Census of X-Ray Variability from Sgr A* during 2012
TijdschriftAstrophysical Journal
Jaargang774
Jaar2013
Nummer1
Pagina's42-
ISSN0004637X
FaculteitFaculteit der Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica
Instituut/afd.FNWI: Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek (IAP)
SamenvattingWe present the first systematic analysis of the X-ray variability of Sgr A* during the Chandra X-ray Observatory's 2012 Sgr A* X-ray Visionary Project. With 38 High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer observations spaced an average of 7 days apart, this unprecedented campaign enables detailed study of the X-ray emission from this supermassive black hole at high spatial, spectral and timing resolution. In 3 Ms of observations, we detect 39 X-ray flares from Sgr A*, lasting from a few hundred seconds to approximately 8 ks, and ranging in 2-10 keV luminosity from ~1034 erg s–1 to 2 × 1035 erg s–1. Despite tentative evidence for a gap in the distribution of flare peak count rates, there is no evidence for X-ray color differences between faint and bright flares. Our preliminary X-ray flare luminosity distribution dN/dL is consistent with a power law with index $-1.9^{+0.3}_{-0.4}$; this is similar to some estimates of Sgr A*'s near-IR flux distribution. The observed flares contribute one-third of the total X-ray output of Sgr A* during the campaign, and as much as 10% of the quiescent X-ray emission could be comprised of weak, undetected flares, which may also contribute high-frequency variability. We argue that flares may be the only source of X-ray emission from the inner accretion flow.
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