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faculty: "FNWI" and publication year: "2012"
| Authors||P. Hurtado, F. Gámez, S. Hamad, B. Martínez-Haya, J.D. Steill, J. Oomens|
|Title||Multipodal coordination of a tetracarboxylic crown ether with NH4+: a vibrational spectroscopy and computational study|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|Faculty||Faculty of Science|
|Institute/dept.||FNWI: Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS)|
|Abstract||The elucidation of the structural requirements for molecular recognition by the crown ether (18–crown–6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid (18c6H4) and its cationic complexes constitutes a topic of current fundamental and practical interest in catalysis and analytical sciences. The flexibility of the central ether ring and its four carboxyl side arms poses important challenges to experimental and theoretical approaches. In this study, infrared action vibrational spectroscopy and quantum mechanical computations are employed to characterize the conformational structure of the isolated gas phase complex formed by the 18c6H4 host with NH 4+ as guest. The results show that the most stable gas–phase structure is a barrel–like conformation sustained by tetrapodal H–bonding of the ammonia cation with two C=O side groups and with four oxygen atoms of the ether ring in a bifurcated arrangement. Interestingly, a similar structure had been proposed in previous crystallographic studies. The experiment also provides evidence for a significant contribution of a higher energy bowl–like conformer with features resembling those adopted by 18c6H4 in the analogous complexes with secondary amines. Such a conformation displays H−bonding between confronted side carboxyl groups and tetrapodal binding of the NH 4+ with the ether ring and with one C=O group. Structures involving even more extensive intramolecular H–bonding in the 18c6H4 substrate are found to lie higher in energy and are ruled out by the experiment|
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