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faculty: "FMG" and publication year: "1989"
| Authors||M. Sprangers, J. Hoogstraten|
|Title||Pretesting effects in retrospective pretest posttest designs.|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Psychology|
|Faculty||Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences|
|Institute/dept.||FMG: Psychology Research Institute|
|Keywords||Communication Skills Training; Pretesting; Treatment-Effectiveness-Evaluation; Response-Bias|
|Abstract||Two studies evaluated communication skills training by using a pretest-posttest design, including retrospective pretest ratings, to control for response shift bias. A response shift is a change in a subject's internal standard for determining his or her level of functioning on a given dimension. In Exp 1, Ss were 37 hospital employees. Data indicated that the self-report pretest exerted a clear effect on subsequent self-report posttest and retrospective pretest ratings. Training was ineffective and a response shift did not occur. Experimental Ss could not remember and control Ss could remember their pretreatment ratings to a reasonable extent. In Exp 2, Ss were 58 3rd-year dental students. Results show that the training was effective. A behavioral pretest administered prior to the self-report pretest prevented a response shift from occurring. This finding gives empirical support to the contention that Ss' lack of sufficient information about their level of functioning at pretest may be a causal determinant of the response shift. Data also indicate that the retrospective pretest is robust for procedural differences in administering this instrument.|
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