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Zoekopdracht: faculteit: "FMG" en publicatiejaar: "2003"

AuteursH.L.J. van der Maas, B.R.J. Jansen
TitelWhat response times tell of children's behavior on the balance scale task.
TijdschriftJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Jaargang85
Jaar2003
Nummer2
Pagina's141-177
FaculteitFaculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen
Instituut/afd.FMG: Psychology Research Institute
TrefwoordenBalance Scale Task; Response time; Cognitive strategies; Proportional reasoning
SamenvattingAnalysis of accuracy of responses to balance scale problems gives a global idea of the cognitive processes that underlie problem-solving behavior on this task. We show that response times (RTs) provide additional detailed information about the kind and duration of these processes. We derive predictions about the RTs from Sieglers (1981) model for the balance scale task, including the counterintuitive prediction that young adults are slower than children in solving particular balance scale problems. The predictions were tested in a study in which 191 6- to 22-year-old participants were presented with a computerized balance scale task. RTs were analyzed with regression models. In addition to qualitative differences between items, we also modeled quantitative differences between items in the regression models. Analyses supported the predictions and provided additional knowledge on the rules. Rule II was reformulated as a rule that always involves the encoding, but not always the correct application of the distance cue. RTs provided evidence for the use of a buggy-rule and not an addition-rule. Finally, a relation between rule inconsistency and increased RT was found.
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