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Zoekresultaten

Zoekopdracht: faculteit: "FGw" en publicatiejaar: "2010"

AuteursP.A.M. Seuren, C. Hamans
TitelAntifunctionality in language change
TijdschriftFolia Linguistica
Jaargang44
Jaar2010
Nummer1
Pagina's127-162
ISSN01654004
FaculteitFaculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
Instituut/afd.FGw: Amsterdam Center for Language and Communication (ACLC)
SamenvattingThe main thesis of the article is that language change is only partially subject to
criteria of functionality and that, as a rule, opposing forces are also at work which
often correlate directly with psychological and sociopsychological parameters
reflecting themselves in all areas of linguistic competence. We sketch a complex
interplay of horizontal versus vertical, deliberate versus nondeliberate, functional
versus antifunctional linguistic changes, which, through a variety of processes
have an effect upon the languages concerned, whether in the lexicon, the grammar,
the phonology or the phonetics. Despite the overall unclarity regarding the
notion of functionality in language, there are clear cases of both functionality and
antifunctionality. Antifunctionality is deliberately striven for by groups of speakers
who wish to distinguish themselves from other groups, for whatever reason.
Antifunctionality, however, also occurs as a, probably unwanted, result of syntactic
change in the acquisition process by young or adult language learners. The example
is discussed of V-clustering through Predicate Raising in German and Dutch, a
process that started during the early Middle Ages and was highly functional as long
as it occurred on a limited scale but became antifunctional as it pervaded the entire
complementation system of these languages.
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