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Query: faculty: "FEB" and publication year: "2010"

AuthorsS.J.M. Adams, W. van Eerde
TitleTime use in Spain: is polychronicity a cultural phenomenon?
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Volume25
Year2010
Issue7
Pages764-776
ISSN02683946
FacultyFaculty of Economics and Business
Institute/dept.FEB: Amsterdam Business School Research Institute (ABS-RI)
AbstractPurpose – The purpose of this paper is to measure polychronicity in Spain, traditionally typified as
having a polychronic culture, characterized by a multifocused working environment.

Design/methodology/approach – A sample of 134 executives from 19 organizations in Madrid
completed a questionnaire on polychronicity (working on more than one task at a time), time
tangibility (precision in time use and performance), context (direct or indirect communication) and
attention to people (whether people are dealt with spontaneously or in a more scheduled manner).

Findings – Contrary to what was expected in light of the traditional image of Spain, results indicate a
tendency towards monochronicity. Gender and age did not show a relation with polychronicity. Time
tangibility and context were also unrelated to polychronicity. A previously unmeasured variable,
implied in Hall’s original work, the spontaneous attention to people in establishing and maintaining
good work relations, was positively related to polychronicity. Having worked for a multinational was
also positively related to polychronicity.

Research limitations/implications – The study was undertaken in Madrid only and focused on
differences within a Spanish sample and no cross-cultural comparison was made.

Originality/value – As far as the authors are aware, this is the first study of polychronicity in Spain.
Social interaction, coined previously as an explanation for polychronic behavior, was added in this
paper.
Document typeArticle
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