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faculteit: "FdR" en publicatiejaar: "2007"
| Auteur||T. Schils|
|Titel||Distribution of responsibility for social security and labour market policy. - Country report: The Netherlands|
|Uitgever||Amsterdam Institute of Advanced Labour Studies, University of Amsterdam|
|Serietitel||AIAS working paper|
|Faculteit||Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid|
|Instituut/afd.||FdR: Amsterdams Instituut voor ArbeidsStudies (AIAS)|
|Samenvatting||High levels of unemployment, or high levels of social expenditures as well as the growing demand |
for a flexible labour force have given new impetus to the world-wide discussion on what model to
use for an efficiently operating labour market and in particular on the role of institutions. Although
there seems to be a growing consensus on the restricted governmental role in recent decades, this
has not been translated into a unanimous appraisal of the role of intermediary organisations, such as
trade unions. There is no clear view on an appropriate distribution of responsibility between
government, social partners and the market. The research project ‘distribution of responsibility for
social security’ aims to create a scientific basis for a clear and consistent view on the role and
distribution of responsibilities between the different labour market institutions. As part of this
research project, this paper provides an elaborate country study of the Netherlands, on the
organisation of unemployment insurance, employment protection and active labour market and the
performance of the labour market with respect to these fields. Both first-order effects (e.g. coverage
rates, expenditures, replacement rates) and second-order effects (e.g. flows in and out of
unemployment insurance) are analysed in this paper.
It is shown that national legislation for social insurance is set by the national government. The
intermediary organisations, among which are the trade unions, mainly have an advisory role with
respect to national legislation. The advice, however is not binding. Yet, national law leaves some
room for sector level legislation, in collective labour agreements. Here, the trade unions do play an
important role and it depends on their collective bargaining power what kind of provisions are
established in collective labour agreements. The administration of social insurance is also left to
public institutions. In the past decades, the role of the trade unions has been reduced drastically in
this field. On the market for reintegration of the unemployed, some competition is introduced with
the outsourcing of activities to private reintegration companies. As for the performance of the
Dutch labour market, this is characterised by relatively high levels of employment, job security,
income security during unemployment spells and growing activation policies.
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