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Zoekopdracht: faculteit: "FdR" en publicatiejaar: "2006"

AuteursF. Koster, K. Sanders
TitelOrganizational Citizens or Reciprocal Relationships? An Empirical Comparison
TijdschriftPersonnel Review
FaculteitFaculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid
Instituut/afd.FdR: Amsterdams Instituut voor ArbeidsStudies (AIAS)
SamenvattingPurpose – This paper aims at contributing to the debate on organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) by developing a theory-driven measure of cooperative behaviour within organisations, called organisational solidarity (OS).

Design/methodology/approach – Data are gathered through a survey among 674 employees from nine organisations. Scales are constructed using the multiple group method. OLS regression is used to test the hypotheses.

Findings – The data analyses show that reciprocity is an important mechanism to bring about cooperation within organisations. Based on this, a distinction is made between horizontal and vertical OS.

Research limitations/implications – The major shortcoming of this research is that some of the results may be influenced by same source bias. The research implies that cooperative types of employee behaviour – such as OCB – depend on the behaviour of others. Furthermore, these kinds of behaviour can be divided into a horizontal and a vertical dimension.

Practical implications – The findings suggest that supervisors can play a facilitating role in creating and sustaining cooperative behaviour of employees.

Originality/value – This paper contributes to the literature on OCB by examining how this kind of behaviour is affected by the behaviour of supervisors and co-workers. Secondly, whereas other articles focus on either horizontal or vertical dimensions of cooperative behaviour, this paper focuses on both dimensions simultaneously.
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