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Zoekresultaten

Zoekopdracht: faculteit: "FEB" en publicatiejaar: "2010"

AuteursS.J.M. Adams, W. van Eerde
TitelTime use in Spain: is polychronicity a cultural phenomenon?
TijdschriftJournal of Managerial Psychology
Jaargang25
Jaar2010
Nummer7
Pagina's764-776
ISSN02683946
FaculteitFaculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde
Instituut/afd.FEB: Amsterdam Business School Research Institute (ABS-RI)
SamenvattingPurpose – The purpose of this paper is to measure polychronicity in Spain, traditionally typified as
having a polychronic culture, characterized by a multifocused working environment.

Design/methodology/approach – A sample of 134 executives from 19 organizations in Madrid
completed a questionnaire on polychronicity (working on more than one task at a time), time
tangibility (precision in time use and performance), context (direct or indirect communication) and
attention to people (whether people are dealt with spontaneously or in a more scheduled manner).

Findings – Contrary to what was expected in light of the traditional image of Spain, results indicate a
tendency towards monochronicity. Gender and age did not show a relation with polychronicity. Time
tangibility and context were also unrelated to polychronicity. A previously unmeasured variable,
implied in Hall’s original work, the spontaneous attention to people in establishing and maintaining
good work relations, was positively related to polychronicity. Having worked for a multinational was
also positively related to polychronicity.

Research limitations/implications – The study was undertaken in Madrid only and focused on
differences within a Spanish sample and no cross-cultural comparison was made.

Originality/value – As far as the authors are aware, this is the first study of polychronicity in Spain.
Social interaction, coined previously as an explanation for polychronic behavior, was added in this
paper.
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