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Zoekopdracht: faculteit: "FEB" en publicatiejaar: "2004"

AuteurH.G. van de Werfhorst
TitelSystems of educational specialization and labor market outcomes in Norway, Australia and the Netherlands
TijdschriftInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology
FaculteitFaculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde
Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen
Instituut/afd.FMG: Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR)
TrefwoordenEducational field of study; Wages; Occupational status; Comparative research; Education
SamenvattingTo account for differences between systems of education of highly educated societies, we argue that the impact of academic discipline (field of study) on labor market outcomes should be central. Three modifications of earlier typologies are needed to account for cross-national differences in the transparency of skills provided by educational specialization. We should observe (1) the system of tertiary vocational programs; (2) whether a system has a bachelor's-master's structure; and (3) whether students choose minor and major subjects in college. Our analysis of Norway, Australia, and the Netherlands shows that these modifications seem useful. In the Netherlands, the impact of fields of study on wages and occupational status is much higher than in the other countries. The relatively high value of Australian qualifications compared to the Norwegian may be explained by the welfare state regulations of both countries, but this explanation is a tentative one. In Australia, eligibility to social benefits depends much more on previous work experience than in Norway, making fields of study a better indicator of labor market commitment.
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