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Zoekresultaten

Zoekopdracht: faculteit: "ACTA" en publicatiejaar: "2009"

AuteursB.L.T. Vaes, C. Lute, H.J. Blom, N. Bravenboer, T.J. de Vries, V. Everts, R.A. Dhonukshe-Rutten, M. Müller, L.C.P.G.M. de Groot, W.T. Steegenga
TitelVitamin B-12 deficiency stimulates osteoclastogenesis via increased homocysteine and methylmalonic acid
TijdschriftCalcified Tissue International
Jaargang84
Jaar2009
Nummer5
Pagina's413-422
ISSN0171967X
FaculteitACTA
SamenvattingThe risk of nutrient deficiencies increases with age in our modern Western society, and vitamin B12 deficiency is especially prevalent in the elderly and causes increased homocysteine (Hcy) and methylmalonic acid (MMA) levels. These three factors have been recognized as risk factors for reduced bone mineral density and increased fracture risk, though mechanistic evidence is still lacking. In the present study, we investigated the influence of B12, Hcy, and MMA on differentiation and activity of bone cells. B12 deficiency did not affect the onset of osteoblast differentiation, maturation, matrix mineralization, or adipocyte differentiation from human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). B12 deficiency caused an increase in the secretion of Hcy and MMA into the culture medium by osteoblasts, but Hcy and MMA appeared to have no effect on hMSC
osteoblast differentiation. We further studied the effect of B12, Hcy, and MMA on the formation of multinucleated tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase–positive osteoclasts from
mouse bone marrow. We observed that B12 did not show an effect on osteoclastogenesis. However, Hcy as well as MMA were found to induce osteoclastogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. On the basis of these results, we conclude that B12 deficiency may lead to decreased bone mass by increased osteoclast formation due to increased
MMA and Hcy levels
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