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Zoekopdracht: faculteit: "ACTA" en publicatiejaar: "2008"

AuteursG.S. Tjabringa, B. Zandieh-Doulabi, M.N. Helder, M. Knippenberg, P.I.J.M. Wuisman, J. Klein-Nulend
TitelThe polyamine spermine regulates osteogenic differentiation in adipose stem cells
TijdschriftJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
SamenvattingFor bone tissue engineering, it is important that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into osteoblasts. To develop a method for differentiation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) along the osteogenic lineage, we studied the effect of polyamines, which are organic cations implicated in bone growth and development, on differentiation of AT-MSCs. Treatment of goatderived AT-MSCs with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), which stimulates osteogenic differentiation, for 7 days induced gene expression of the polyamine-modulated transcription factor-1 (PMF-1) and spermidine/spermine N (1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT), which are both involved in polyamine metabolism, suggesting that polyamines are involved in osteogenic differentiation of AT-MSCs. Furthermore, treatment of AT-MSCs with the polyamine spermine-regulated gene expression of runx-2, a transcription factor involved in early stages of osteogenic differentiation, and that of osteopontin, a bone matrix protein expressed in later stages of osteogenic differentiation. Runx-2 gene expression was increased 4 and 14 days after a short 30 min. treatment with spermine, while osteopontin gene expression was only increased 4 days after spermine treatment. Finally, alkaline phosphatase activity, which is intimately involved in the formation of extracellular matrix of bone, was increased 4 weeks after the 30 min.-spermine treatment of AT-MSCs. In conclusion, this study shows for the first time that the polyamine spermine regulates differentiation of AT-MSCs along the osteogenic lineage, which can be used as a new method for differentiation of AT-MSCs along the osteogenic lineage. Therefore, polyamines may constitute a promising tool for bone tissue engineering approaches using AT-MSCs, such as a one-step surgical procedure for spinal interbody fusion.
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